As virus bites, plea for doors to stay shut to 6-million set to return
With about 6-million pupils set to return to school in a week’s time, teachers and Sadtu in the Eastern Cape are pushing to keep the doors closed as morale among staff and pupils plummets due to disruptions caused by Covid-19.
Since grade 7 and 12 pupils resumed classes on June 8, more than 500 schools across SA have had to close down temporarily due to Covid-19 outbreaks.
Among them is Makaula Senior Secondary in Mount Frere, in the Eastern Cape, where 240 pupils and staff have tested positive. The principal blames the pupils for the outbreak, but the provincial health department says it has found the school did not adhere to basic safety precautions. On Monday, 51 infected pupils were allowed to leave the school. Only 17 have been traced.
Pupils in grades R, 1, 2, 3, 6, 10 and 11 are due to return to the country’s 23,675 public schools on July 6. Across SA, 48 school days have already been lost since grade 7 and 12 pupils returned — but the education department is adamant it will go ahead with the next phase, saying it has learnt from past experience.
At Residensia Secondary in Sebokeng, Gauteng, the 225 matric pupils have received only one full day of lessons since schools reopened three weeks ago.
At the Lesedi-La-Thuto Primary School, also in Sebokeng, the 140 grade 7 pupils had just two days of schooling before a teacher tested positive and the school was closed. It has remained shut because most of the teachers, who underwent Covid testing on June 10, have not yet received their results.
Teachers, parents and provincial education departments this week admitted that lessons for grade 7 and 12 pupils were being severely disrupted.
This comes in the wake of protests on Thursday by teachers from several Cape Town schools, who demanded schools be closed to protect teachers and pupils’ lives.
The Western Cape education department confirmed that 236 schools reported having infected staff members. In Gauteng, 176 schools have been affected, with 188 teachers and 58 pupils testing positive. In the Eastern Cape, 132 schools remain shut. Six schools in the Northern Cape and 14 each in North West and Free State also had to close.
David de Korte, national president of the South African Principals’ Association, which represents the heads of 3,000 schools, said: “Every single day grade 12s miss is a day they fall behind. The grade 12 programme hasn’t been trimmed in any way, so there’s no way those children are going to be in the same position as a child who has had seven periods of lessons a day every day.”
Professor Nicky Roberts of the University of Johannesburg said there was agreement in many countries that there should be no highstakes academic assessments of pupils.
“I think this should be our approach for grades R to 11. And we should keep this on the table as a possible option for some or all of our current grade 12s,” Roberts said.
Writing in the Sunday Times today, basic education minister Angie Motshekga says SA’s schools “offer a new frontier against the pandemic as they are repurposed as epicentres of surveillance, screening, contact tracing and testing of cases that would otherwise have fallen through the cracks”.
“We understand the contestation from some quarters as this is a new terrain of struggle, but we shouldn’t allow panic to guide public policy,” she adds.
“We must be mindful of the reality, as confirmed by research, that the longer marginalised children are out of school, the less likely they are to return.”
Motshekga says the current wave of Covid
On Monday I saw on the news and social media that many children at the school were sick. I was shocked when my son arrived home with his belongings
cases reported in schools since June 8 are “classic community transmissions”.
“As yet they are not originating from our facilities. However, society must prepare for this eventuality — community transmissions can become bushfires within our schools. It is not a matter of if, but when.”
Meanwhile, at Makaula Secondary, which has a 1,200-bed boarding facility, principal Luzuko Mbana said the pupils were already infected when they returned to the school on May 31. There are 284 grade 12 pupils at the school, but only 240 had returned after the lockdown.
Mbana said he had only contacted a few of the parents. “I contacted those parents that could be contacted. Pity I just couldn’t contact all of them. These kids only had sore throats and mild flu,” he said.
District health manager Nomkhitha Mtonjana said they only became aware of the issue when a support staff member at the school alerted the department that pupils were sick. She said that when her team arrived at the school on Tuesday to conduct more tests and give out test results, 51 pupils had already left.
Mtonjana said an initial inspection by an environmental health practitioner found conditions at the hostel lacking in safety protocols. “There is no social distancing, beds are close to each other, there is no warm water and the place is just dirty,” she said.
Mbana confirmed that the school has been without electricity since an electric pole was damaged during the lockdown.
An angry Phumla Gxobole, whose son was one of the 51 pupils who left the school premises, told the Sunday Times she had been repeatedly reassured that her son was fine.
“On Monday I saw on the news and social media that many children at the school were sick. I was shocked when my son arrived home with his belongings.”
Gxobole, who lives with her 70-year-old mother, who is on chronic medication, said her son was only taken to a quarantine site four days later.
Alfred Nzo district municipality spokesperson Lixolile Petela said the municipal health services’ initial report on the assessment of the state of Makaula Secondary’s boarding facilities had been handed to the education department.
Eastern Cape health department spokesperson Sizwe Kupelo said teams of health workers, including doctors, had been deployed to the quarantine sites where the pupils were being kept.
Basil Manuel, executive director of the National Professional Teachers’ Organisation of SA, said the department was “biting off more than it could chew” by phasing in seven grades.
“I cannot see how primary schools are going to manage 75% of the children back at one time. It is a recipe for many things going wrong, especially in terms of the anxiety of teachers, parents and learners.”
Matakanye Matakanye, general secretary of the National Association of School Governing Bodies, does not believe that schools will be able to accommodate the grades returning, but says they should use either the platoon system or teaching grades on alternate days.
● “It came for the young maidens, it came for the grooms. It burned out the elders and finished the youth.” These are the words of composer Reuben Tholakele Caluza from his song Influenza 1918, recorded in the 1930s. It was the composer’s requiem to the dead as the Spanish flu epidemic claimed 300,000 lives in SA.
We acknowledge the South African composer
Philip Miller, who has transcribed the original song and repurposed it in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic. He highlights the interesting parallels between the 1918 Spanish flu and this pandemic.
Caluza’s original lyrics are a stark reminder that viral epidemics haven’t changed their behavioural patterns. As we know, Covid-19 has taken the elders, young maidens and grooms, both black and white, rich and poor, indiscriminately. The lesson from the past is that it is us who have to undergo a metamorphosis if we are to survive in 2020.
The Covid-19 battle will be won and lost by the use of ramped-up, nonpharmaceutical measures such as hand-washing with soap or 70% alcohol-based sanitisers, wearing face masks correctly and social distancing. Sadly, despite this, death will continue to haunt us, as it is an inescapable part of living.
It is within this context that we have decided to reopen schools for more grades soon. As a country, we are acutely aware that we are sailing close to the iceberg but we are more prepared, scientifically speaking, today than we were a century ago.
Thus, our schools offer a new frontier against the pandemic as they are repurposed as epicentres of surveillance, screening, contact tracing and testing of cases that would otherwise have fallen through the cracks. Our schools also offer an opportunity for more than 12-million learners and teachers to take the nonpharmaceutical measures to new heights.
As the basic education sector, we are Covid-19 battle-hardened and ready. We understand the contestation from some quarters as this is a new terrain of struggle, but we shouldn’t allow panic to guide public policy.
We must be mindful of the reality, as confirmed by research, that the longer marginalised children are out of school, the less likely they are to return. Furthermore, the current wave of Covid-19 cases reported in schools since June 8 are classic community transmissions; as yet they are not originating from our facilities.
However, society must prepare for this eventuality — community transmissions can become bushfires within our schools. It is not a matter of if, but when.
Our well-considered plan to salvage the academic year amid the Covid-19 all-out war is a necessary imperative. But we will not reopen schools at all costs. Nothing can be more supreme than human life.
Yet, we must understand schools as more than just centres of academic learning but as sites of health, hygiene, nutrition and public advocacy around public emergencies like Covid-19. As a result, we have resumed psychosocial support and all the healthrelated programmes such as school nutrition and hygiene that existed before the lockdown. The Covid19 measures are now part of these programmes too.
Among the non-negotiable conditions, all schools, before reopening for more grades, must be approved as Covid-19-compliant and must have the newly promulgated basic sanitation and hygiene package.
This includes the emergency water supply, mobile classrooms, extra teachers (where required), screeners, cleaners and mobile toilets. Other compulsory measures include cleaning and disinfection materials, provisioning of personal protective equipment, hand sanitisers with at least 70% alcohol, hand-washing soaps, gloves, cloth masks and thermometers.
In terms of the Covid-19 protocol, any school or offices may be closed if someone tests positive for Covid-19. Therefore, there must be no panic if a school is closed as this is a temporary measure to enable the departments of health and basic education to take over the management of the identified case or cases. All suspected and identified cases will immediately be attended to through the health department’s existing Covid-19 protocol, including testing, contact tracing, self-isolation and quarantining, among others.
We have a plan in place to support learners at risk, in which the school management teams and parents are going to play a key role. This support is also extended to nonteaching staff. No teacher or learner should, after the necessary disclosures, be knowingly exposed to the coronavirus.
It is the responsibility of the provincial departments to manage teachers presenting with comorbidities and age-related absences.
For example, the Free State has received 1,887 applications from teachers who have applied to work from home; Mpumalanga has received 237 applications; and the Northern Cape has registered 1,495 teachers with comorbidity.
New teaching posts have been created to cover for these legitimate absences and to deal head-on with the possibility of overcrowding occasioned by social distancing measures.
We accept that provinces are at different stages of readiness. We appeal to our school communities to get involved. There’s no magic bullet that will solve the deep pre-Covid infrastructure issues, gross inequalities and underfunding.
Yet, if we pull together as a nation, we shall triumph. The war against Covid-19 is firmly in our hands. Let’s meet “when the hurly burly’s done, when the battle’s lost and won”.