Julius Malema will lead the EFF for at least the next five years.
Malema, who founded the party in 2013 after his expulsion from the ANC, was elected unopposed to the position of president late on Saturday night.
His deputy, Floyd Shivambu, was also re-elected into the post – but not after a scare when advocate Dali Mpofu was nominated. However, Mpofu didn't make the threshold after accepting the nomination.
Earlier, the EFF confessed that it faced death should Malema be arrested on any of the charges he currently faces.
Both Malema and Gordrich Gardee – who was secretary-general until he was replaced by Marshall Dlamini – made presentation reports to delegates at the EFF's second conference, known as the National People's Assembly (NPA), on Saturday.
Malema was the first to warn that the party should have people who were capable to succeed him or risk the organisation dying in a similar manner to how the Pan Africanist Congress died after its leader, Robert Sobukwe, was arrested by the apartheid regime.
"When the apartheid regime isolated and banished Robert Sobukwe, they knew that those who remained in the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) had no capacity to lead a militant mass organisation that was founded by Robert Sobukwe, irrespective of the progressive ideas of the PAC. As a result, the PAC has struggled to exist beyond Robert Sobukwe," said Malema.
He was speaking about the importance of leadership in the EFF.
"You can develop the best policies and adopt the most progressive of resolutions, but if you compromise yourself in choosing lazy leaders who think leadership positions are a status, all those policies and resolutions will amount to nothing," he said.
But in his organisational report, Gardee was more explicit and referred to the Malema's current legal troubles.
"It is clear that there is a co-ordinated effort to have the CIC [Malema] constantly appearing in court or, worse, behind bars and thus uprooted from the groundwork of building a formidable alternative political movement for the total economic emancipation of our people.